Cults in the North
A Conference on Saints’ cults and dedications in northern Europe from the Middle Ages to the Present to be held at  Valaam monastery in New Valaam, Finland the 14th and 15th March, 2005
 
Program
 
Monday, the 14th
 
14:00 Opening, (Prof. Jukka Korpela, Univ. of Joensuu)
14:15 Sacral Landscape of East Finland and Carelia (Prof. Jukka Korpela)
14:45 Medieval Baptismal crosses of East Häme and Metal Icons of Savo  (Prof. Jussi-Pekka Taavitsainen, Univ. of Turku)
15:15 Uukuniemi – Medieval and modern Orthodox (?) village of East Finland (FL Ville Laakso, Universitu of Turku)
15:45 Discussion
 
16:00 Coffee break
 
16:30 The veneration of saints in Iceland (Prof. Margaret Cormack, College of Charleston).
17:00 The Crusades and the area of Finland (Prof. Christian Krötzl, Univ. of Tampere)
17:30 Christian dedications in Early Modern Time Carelia (prof. Irina Tcherniakova, Univ. of Petrozavodsk)
18:10 Discussion
 
18:30 Dinner
 
19:40 The Idea of Database of Saints and Cults of Europe (M. Cormack J. Korpela, I. Tcherniakova) and Discussion.

 
Thuesday, the 15th
 
Breakfast
 
9:30 Local Monasteries in Carelia of Early Modern Time: some remarks around the historiography (4th year student Daria Koposova, Univ. of Petrozavodsk)
9:50 Towards the Concept of Parish Prist in Early Modern Russian and Late Medieval Scandinavian (Swedish) Perspective (4th year student Evgenia Suslova, Univ. of Petrozavodsk)
10.10 Olonets Military Commander’s Documentary Collection as the Base of Information for Early Modern Time Carelian Studies (post-graduate Andrei Ryzhkov,  4th year student Daria Skosyreva, Univ. of Petrozavodsk)
10:30 The Early history of Valaam monastery (FM Kati Parppei, Univ. of Joensuu)
10:50 St. Jona of Jaasjarvi and other “pupils” of St. Aleksandr of Svir (TM Irina Karvonen, Univ. of Joensuu).
 
 
11:15 Lunch
 
11:45 St. Aleksandr Nevsky (FL Mari Isoaho, Univ. of Oulu)
12:10 The idea of Empire in Orthodox Iconostases of Old Valaam (HH Bishop of Joensuu, Arsenij)
12:45 Discussion and closing words
 
13:00 Coffee


TOWARDS THE CONCEPT OF PARISH PRIEST IN EARLY MODERN RUSSIAN AND LATE MEDIEVAL SCANDINAVIAN (SWEDISH) PERSPECTIVE
Suslova E. D.
Section of History in English, Faculty of History
Chernyakova I. A., Cand.of Hist. Sciences, Senior Researcher, Ass. Professor
© Suslova Е. D., text, 2005
© ILLMiK, 2005
 
The status of parish priest is one of the basic problems for the period of Church establishment. In order to outline key questions, to stand some objectives and to try to determing our own aims for the further investigative work we have reseached statuses of Russsian Orthodox clergymen at Nothwestern Lands of Russia: Novgorod, Pscov, Vologda regions, on the one hand, and Catholic priest at Southeastern Lands of Sweden: Goetland, Westerland, Estergetaland, on the other hand. Our knowleadge just now is based on historiography and documentary sources already published. It looks difficult to outline even the frames more or less strictly determined for the period of Church establishment. It is ongoing discussion around this question. We only point out on the moment, that there is a large gap in dating the process of Church establishment as in Swedish (A. Svanidze, G. Alexandrenkova, A. Fomenkova), as in Russian (A. Musin, J. Korpela, A. Zhukov) perspectives.
The main our task was to find out all details in the wide complex of written Russian evidences (Codes of Laws, Scribe books, Charters, Instructions of Tsars, Patriarchs, Metropolitans, Bishops). As for Sweden, the rules concerned to Church’ regulations were included in the Local Codes of Laws, which had been published at 13th century. More precisely the status of Russian and Swedish priests can be shown through comparative seaching of their rights, obligations and priviliges.
Obviously, the priest played a significant role within the parish. He had to do religious duties, took active part in the life of parish as a witnessor and a judge. We could observe this person very often being active in such a situations as he held the postition of official. It comes clear from scholars’ conclusions, priests provided as Power as Christianity. A comparison helped us to outline general and specific features within the status of priests here and there.
In order to make a detailed reseach, we can no concentrate our attention on the questions concerned to priest’s status only. It looks very important to observe all aspects as they are: special features in relations between clergy and parish, their influence to each other; an attitude, obligations and expectations within the clergy; state regulations in sphere of status of priest, state interference into the priests’ and parish’s ordinary everyday public life and social activity.
Obviously, Olonets Military Commander’s documentary collection, which is nowadays is preparing for publication by ILLMiK (Investigative Laboratory for Local and Microhistory of Karelia) should extend the scope of source evidences we need. It is under the great expectation, that research work towards questions which are mentioned above will help us to understand a lot of specific features which had place during the quite long period of Church establishment in Karelia and even wider, on the Westnorth of Early Modern Time’ Russia. 

 
THE OLONETS MILITARY COMMANDER’S DOCUMENTARY COLLECTION AS THE BASE OF SOCIAL INFORMATION FOR EARLY MODERN TIME KARELIAN STUDIES
Skosyreva D. A., Ryzhkov A. S.
Section of History in English, Faculty of History
Chernyakova I. A., Cand.of Hist.Sciences, Senior Researcher, Ass. Professor

© Skosyreva D. A., Ryzhkov A. S., text, 2005
© ILLMiK, 2005
 
We have prepared this presentation on the base of research work the ILLMiK provides. An abbreviation means: Investigative Laboratory for Local and Microhistory of Karelia. It was founded at Faculty of History in 2004. Being concentrated on the development of TERP (Teaching-Editing-Research Project) the students and staff of ILLMiK are transliterating and preparing just this Collection to be published by means of Internet. It consists about 12500 sheets of different documents, which are devoted to everyday social and private life during the second part of the 17th century in Karelia. Our task is also to search for a new historical infromation and to make our own investigations in different fields of ordinary local people communites everyday life.
In our presentation we talk about the observation of Early Modern Time Karelian realities is already existed in historiography and try to correspond it with our own discoveries and new knowledge we are getting on while reading and interpreting all these old handwritings (skoropis').
First of all looks reasonable to compare sources, which are already under the research in ILLMiK, and the documents published in the middle of the 20th century by Raisa Muller, well known and most competent scholar in Karelian studies. Her publication (Karelia v XVII veke: Sbornik dokumentov. Petrozavodsk, 1947.) consists at least partly of the documents of the Collection we are working with. We picked out three different types of historical documents there: 
petition - is so called chelobitnaya in Russian. It is the most informative and numerous kind of documentary cources, because it could devoted to all possible problems and events in the ordinary peasant everyday existence; 
pamyat’ – is the decree of local administration with their reaction to petition; 
all others – including different kinds of responces — writings of officials towards petitions, the correspondence of military commanders with central power, deeds, etc.
Let us note that spectrum of documents selected by R. Muller shows her reasonable subjectivity in picking them up, what obviously might lead to the distortion of real situation. Thus an information receiving due to study documentary materials while we are working in ILLMiK, is completely full because we are taking into account all complex of historical evidences without any exception.
We expect for new knowledge towards family relationship, structure and organization of peasant farmstead, spectrum of taxes and order to destribute them, peasant’s occupations, local community self-government. Obviously, this collection will give us rich information for local social history studies in many fields we can only expect on the moment.
14—15.03.2005
Программа и тезисы докладов конференции  
«Cults in the North»
Новые Результаты
ISSN 1819-9399
1-2/2006
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